Abstract

Studies on Physiochemical Parameters to Assess the Water Quality of Vena River for Drinking Purposes, Hingna Region, Nagpur District, Maharashtra, India

Jessie M. Moses*, Ankit K. Wagh, Akash P. Deshpande and Vaishnavi Bhise

Department of Chemistry, Hislop College, Nagpur 440001, INDIA.

ABSTRACT

The Vena river rises near Vena dam (off Amaravati Rd) and then flows towards the Wardha river through Hingna taluka, near Butibori. It is the water source for about ten villages and yet its water is polluted. This is mainly due to the discharge of untreated industrial effluents and sewage in it as Hingna is an industrial suburb of Nagpur city with industries operating from Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation areas. The present study has been made to analyze the quality of the Vena river water in the winter season. Representative samples were taken from four locations along the course of the river. Various parameters like pH, Total Dissolved Solids, Alkalinity, Dissolved Oxygen, Chemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, EC, nitrate, chloride, sulphate, fluoride, etc. indicate quality parameters of river water. From the above parameters analyzed, it was concluded that the Vena river water is of good quality and satisfies the requirement for use of various purposes like domestic, agricultural, industrial, etc. All physicochemical parameters were compared with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and National River Water Quality standards.

Keywords :Vena River, Representative Samples, Total Dissolved Solids, Dissolved Oxygen, Chemical Oxygen Demand, BOD.